500+ Important National Movement Part 1

Gk Questions history

500+ Important National Movement : Gk Questions history (RRB, RBI, SSC)

This is the part – 1 of  National Movement : Gk Questions history (RRB, RBI, SSC)


Mahatma Gandhi gave the call to reject foreign goods during the
(a) Civil Disobedience Movement
(b) Non Cooperation Movement
(c) Khilafat Movement
(d) Swadeshi Movements

Answer: Swadeshi Movements

Who among the following opposed Mahatma Gandhi’s association with the Khilafat movement ?
(a) Mohammed Ali Jinnah
(b) Abul Kalam Azad
(c) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(d) Fazlul Haquer

Answer: Mohammed Ali Jinnah

The integration of Indians States is the achievement of
(a) Subhash Chandra Bose
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Rajendra Prasad
(d) Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: Subhash Chandra Bose

Jawaharlal Nehru helped to start the newspaper
(a) Pioneer
(b) Patriot
(c) Kesri
(d) National Herald

Answer: National Herald

Who was the British Prime Minister at the time of the Second Round Table Conference ?
(a) Clement Attlee
(b) None of these
(c) Neville Chamberlain
(d) Ramsay Macdonald

Answer: Ramsay Macdonald


Indian National Congress held its first Sessum at
(a) Lahore
(b) Madras
(c) Bombay
(d) Lucknow

Answer: Bombay

Who was the founder of Muslim League in India ?
(a) None of these
(b) Aga Khan
(c) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
(d) M.A. Jinnah

Answer: Aga Khan


The trial of INA heroes was held at
(a) Delhi
(b) Simla
(c) Bombay
(d) Calcutta

Answer: Delhi

Montague -Chelmsford reforms were
(a) Educational reforms
(b) Constitutional reforms
(c) Political reforms
(d) Social reforms

Answer: Constitutional reforms

First Governor – General of India, after independence was
(a) C. Rajagopalachari
(b) Lord Mountbatten
(c) Rajendra Prasad
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: Lord Mountbatten

In the history of the freedom movement of India, the year 1930 is associated with
(a) Chauri Chaura incident
(b) Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy
(c) Partition of Bengal
(d) Dandi March

Answer: Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy

The Second International was attended by
(a) Pherozeshah Mehta
(b) Dinshaw Edalji Wacha
(c) Surendranath Banerjee
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji

Who, amongst the following is associated with the Local Self-Government Act ?
(a) Lord Cornwallis
(b) Lord Dalhousie
(c) William Bentick
(d) Lord Ripon

Answer: William Bentick

Raja Rammohan Roy’s Brahmo Samaj rejected
(a) Casteism
(b) Ritualism
(c) Idolism
(d) All of the above

Answer: All of the above

Who said:Cowa rdice and ahimsa do not go together any more than water and fire ?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jayaprakash Narayan
(c) Acharya Narendra Dev
(d) Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Answer: Mahatma Gandhi

Who was the political guru of Gandhiji?
(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) Lala Lajpat Rai
(c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Answer: Gopal Krishna Gokhale

In 1921, Chamber of Prince was established to
(a) Al of these
(b) Organize the princes of India provinces
(c) Demand self rule
(d) Support Gandhiji in Satyagraha

Answer: Organize the princes of India provinces

Legislature of widow remarriage in India was first secured by
(a) K. Natarajan
(b) Maharshi Karve
(c) Pandita Ramabai
(d) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

Answer: Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

Who led Quit India Movement in the absence of Mahatma Gandhi ?
(a) Sardar Patel
(b) Aruna Asaf Ali
(c) Sarojini Naidu
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: Aruna Asaf Ali

A.O. Hume belongs to
(a) Germany
(b) Britain
(c) Indian Councils Act, 1892
(d) U.S.A.

Answer: Britain

On the death of Gandhiji, who said that The light has gone out of our lives?.?
(a) Dr. S. Radhakrishna
(b) Lord Mountbatten
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru

The post and telegraph system in India was introduced during the time of
(a) Lord Cornwallis
(b) Lord Canning
(c) Lord Hardinage
(d) Lord Dalhousie

Answer: Lord Dalhousie

During whose Viceroyalty, Queen Victoria was crowned with Kaiser-i-Hind in Delhi Durbar ?
(a) Lytton
(b) Lord Minto
(c) Hastings
(d) Elgin

Answer: Lytton

The first Swarajist Conference was held at
(a) Madras
(b) Allahabad
(c) Bardoli
(d) Ahmedabad

Answer: Allahabad

Gandhiji started Satyagraha in 1919 in protest against
(a) Act of 1909
(b) Salt law
(c) Jallianwala Bagh massacre
(d) Rowlatt Act

Answer: Rowlatt Act

When the East India Company came into existence, England was ruled by the
(a) Hanovarians
(b) Tudors
(c) Normans
(d) Stuarts

Answer: Stuarts

Lord Mountbatten replaced?.as Viceroy of India in 1947.
(a) Lord Curzon
(b) Lord Linlithgow
(c) Lord Chelmsford
(d) Lord Wavell

Answer: Lord WavellWavell

Who presided over the Cabinet Mission ?
(a) A.V. Alexander
(b) Sir P. Lawrence
(c) Stafford Cripps
(d) Clement Attle

Answer: Sir P. Lawrence

The moderate and extremist sections of INC were reunited in the??? session
(a) 1920 Calcutta
(b) 1922 Karachi
(c) 1921 Bombay
(d) 1916 Lucknow

Answer: 1916 Lucknow

Who among the following attended all the Round Table Conferences ?
(a) Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) Madan Mohan Malaviya
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) B.R. Ambedkar

Answer: B.R. Ambedkar

The author of the book Hindu way of Life is
(a) Aurobindo Ghosh
(b) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
(c) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

The objective of the Cabinet Mission was
(a) None of these
(b) To help establish a Constituent Assembly to form the Constitution
(c) For partition of India
(d) To hand over power to Indians

Answer: To help establish a Constituent Assembly to form the Constitution

Which Act was the first legislative interference by the British Parliament in the affairs of India ?
(a) Fox’s India Bill, 1783
(b) Pitt’s India Act, 1784
(c) The Regulating Act, 1773
(d) The Declaratory Act, 1781

Answer: The Regulating Act, 1773

The last Governor General of India was
(a) C. Rajagopalachari
(b) Lord Mountbatten
(c) Lord Wavell
(d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Answer: C. Rajagopalachari

Who was the pioneer among the following social reformers ?
(a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(b) Swami Vivekanand
(c) Dayanand Saraswati
(d) Ramakrishna Paramhansa

Answer: Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Wood’s Despatch of 1854 resulted in the
(a) Introduction of postal system
(b) Establishment of educational system
(c) Abolition of child marriage
(d) Establishment of Indian universites

Answer: Establishment of educational system

When Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated, who said, None will believe that a man like this body and soul ever walked on this earth?
(a) Leo Tolstoy
(b) Bertrand Russel
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Albert Einstein

Answer: Albert Einstein

Who initiated the greeting of Jai Hind ?
(a) Subhash Chandra Bose
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) B.G. Tilak

Answer: Subhash Chandra Bose

Satyagraha Sabha was formed by Mahatma Gandhi at
(a) Ahmedabad
(b) Bombay
(c) Poona
(d) Calcutta

Answer: Bombay

Queen Victoria was appointed Empress of India in
(a) 1885
(b) 1877
(c) 1858
(d) 1876

Answer: 1877

The first Governor -General of India was appointed in
(a) 1911
(b) 1858
(c) 1774
(d) 1833

Answer: 1911

When did the Indian National Congress ask for the Dominion Status ?
(a) 1942
(b) 1947
(c) 1908
(d) 1929

Answer: 1908

The Cripps Mission visited India during the regime of
(a) Lord Wavell
(b) Lord Mountbatten
(c) Lord Wellington
(d) Lord Linlithgow

Answer: Lord Linlithgow

Who among the following was not the Viceroy of India during the 20th century ?
(a) Lord Minto
(b) Lord Dalhousie
(c) Lord Chelmsford
(d) Lord Irwin

Answer: Lord Minto

The slogan Inquilab Zindabad was given by
(a) Khudi Ram Bose
(b) Subhash Chandra Bosse
(c) Chandra Shekhar Azad
(d) Sardar Bhagat Singh

Answer: Sardar Bhagat Singh

Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of Quit India Movement ?
(a) Lord Mountbatten
(b) Lord Wellington
(c) Lord Wavell
(d) Lord Linlithgow

Answer: Lord Linlithgow

Which of the folowing is correctly matched ?
(a) Non- Cooperation Movement : 1920
(b) Jallianwala Bagh Massacre : 1921
(c) Salt Satyagraha : 1929
(d) Surat split : 1905

Answer: Non- Cooperation Movement : 1920

The credit for forming an all India organisation of nationalist political workers goes to
(a) A.O. Hume
(b) W.C. Bonnerjee
(c) S.N. Banerjea
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

Answer: A.O. Hume

Which reformer from Maharashtra was known as Lokhitavadi ?
(a) M.G. Ranade
(b) Gopal Hari Deshmukh
(c) Pandit Ramabai
(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Answer: Gopal Hari Deshmukh

Who said : Bengal united is a power. Bengal divided will pull several different ways?.. ?
(a) Hardinge
(b) Risley
(c) Dufferin
(d) Curzon

Answer: Risley

Identify the area where the Santhals proclaimed a government of their own in 1855-56 :
(a) Munger – Bhagalpur
(b) Gaya -Munger
(c) Bhagalpur-Rajmahal
(d) Shahabad- Gaya

Answer: Bhagalpur-Rajmahal

Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre ?
(a) Lord Hardinage
(b) Lord Irwin
(c) Lord Chelmsford
(d) Lord Curzon

Answer: Lord Chelmsford


The Civil Disobedience Movement was led in the North – West Frontier Province by
(a) Sewa Singh Thikriwala
(b) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(c) Shaikh Mohammad Abdullah
(d) Dr. M.A. Ansari

Answer: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Which of the following Acts was known as Morley Minto reforms ?
(a) Indian Councils Act, 1892
(b) Government of India Act, 1919
(c) Government of India Act, 1915
(d) Government of India Act, 1909

Answer: Government of India Act, 1909

Who among the following was impeached in England for his actions in India ?
(a) Lord Cornwallis
(b) Warren Hastings
(c) Lord Wavell
(d) Lord Ripon

Answer: Warren Hastings

The famous Pakistan resolution was passed at
(a) Delhi
(b) Calcutta
(c) Lahore
(d) Bombay

Answer: Lahore

Mahatma Gandhi started his Dandi march from
(a) Sabarmati Ashram
(b) Ahmedabad
(c) Dandi
(d) Porbandar

Answer: Ahmedabad

When was the monopoly of East India Company in trade brought under the control of the British Crowns ?
(a) 1784 A.D.
(b) 1813 A.D.
(c) 1793 A.D.
(d) 1773 A.D.

Answer: 1773 A.D.

Gandhi- Irwin Pact was signed in London in
(a) 1931
(b) 1925
(c) 1937
(d) 1930

Answer: 1931

Who was the head of the Committee formed by the government to enquire into Jallianwala Bagh massacre ?
(a) General Dyer
(b) None of these
(c) John Simon
(d) Hunter

Answer: Hunter

Which of the following is considered as the Revolutionary Era ?
(a) None of these
(b) 1900-1913
(c) 1857-1890
(d) 1934-1942

Answer: 1900-1913

In 1943, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose proclaimed the Independent India (Azad Hind) in
(a) Vienna
(b) Singapore
(c) Rangoon
(d) Tokyo

Answer: Singapore

Ryotwari was started by
(a) Hastings
(b) Dalhousie
(c) Munro
(d) Wellesley

Answer: Munro

The Great Mutiny of 1857 broke out during the Governor – General ship of
(a) Lord Dalhousie
(b) Lord Canning
(c) Lord Wellesley
(d) Lord Hardinage

Answer: Lord Canning

Mahatma Gandhi Thoughts were greatly influenced by
(a) The Vedas
(b) None of these
(c) The upanishads
(d) Bhagwad Gita

Answer: Bhagwad Gita

The centenary celebration of Indian National Congress was held at
(a) Delhi
(b) Madras
(c) Calcutta
(d) Bombay

Answer: Bombay

Who played the prominent part in bringing about the Lucknow Pact ?
(a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Motilal Nehru
(d) Lajpat Rai

Answer: Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Moplah rebellion of 1921 took place in
(a) Kerala
(b) North – west Frontier Province
(c) Assam
(d) Kashmir

Answer: Kerala

Burma was seperated from India in
(a) 1935
(b) 1941
(c) 1939
(d) 1937

Answer: 1937


The 19th Century reawakening in India was confined to be
(a) Upper middle classes
(b) Rich peasantry
(c) Urban landlords
(d) Priestly classes

Answer: Upper middle classes

Who founded the Scouts Movement ?
(a) Clement Attlee
(b) Lord Baden Powell
(c) Annie Besant
(d) Florence Nightingle

Answer: Lord Baden Powell

English as a media of education was introduced in India in
(a) 1835
(b) 1883
(c) 1838
(d) 1853

Answer: 1835

To promote the cause of Indian independence Home Rule society, popularly called India House was established in London by
(a) Hardayal
(b) Shyamji Krishna Varma
(c) Madan Lal Dhingra
(d) V.D. Sarvarkar

Answer; Shyamji Krishna Varma

The East India Company assumed responsibility for the education of the Indian people by the Charter Act of
(a) 1774
(b) 1793
(c) None of these
(d) 1758

Answer: None of these

The secret society of revolutionaries which was organised by V.D. Savarkar in 1904 was
(a) Abhinav Bharat
(b) Sandhya
(c) Yugantar
(d) Ghadar

Answer: Abhinav Bharat

Which of the following statements about Mahatma Gandhi’s views on Satyagraha is not correct ?
(a) It is the best weapon of the week against the strong.
(b) It accepts the concept of self- suffering to wean away the evil doer by love and suffering.
(c) It denotes assertion and economic dominance.
(d) It is the exercise of the purest soul force against all types of injustice.

Answer:It is the best weapon of the week against the strong.

Rani Lakshmi Bai died fighting the British in the battle of
(a) Gwalior
(b) Kalpi
(c) Kanpur
(d) Jhansi

Answer: Gwalior

The Simon Commision visited India to
(a) Discuss the demand for the formation of Pakistan.
(b) None of these
(c) See the important historical places
(d) Enquire into the progress of responsible government in India.

Answer: Enquire into the progress of responsible government in India.

The Muslim League demanded a separate nation for the Muslim in India from the year
(a) 1920
(b) 1940
(c) 1945
(d) 1930

Answer: 1940

Which school of religion started in 1867, was basically anti-British ?
(a) Deoband
(b) Farazi
(c) Wahabi
(d) Aligarh

Answer: Deoband

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The first Indian Councils Act was passed in
(a) 1857
(b) 1892
(c) 1861
(d) 1853

Answer: 1861

By which law did the British Crown take over the power to rule over India from the East India Company ?
(a) Magna Carta of Rights
(b) None of these
(c) Indian Councils Act, 1861
(d) Ilbert Bill

Answer: Magna Carta of Rights

Who founded the Indian National Social Congress in 1887 ?
(a) B.G. Tilak
(b) M.G. Ranade
(c) G.K. Gokhale
(d) Ram Prasad Bismil

Answer: M.G. Ranade

Who was responsible for the introduction of English as the official language in India ?
(a) Lord William Bentick
(b) Allan Octavian Hume
(c) Marquess of Dalhousie
(d) Sir Charles Wood

Answer: Sir Charles Wood

According to Mountbatten Plan, which of the following provinces was not to be included in the Indian dominion ?
(a) Bihar
(b) Madras
(c) Bombay
(d) Sind

Answer: Sind

British merchants were willing to invest in railways and mines but not in cotton textiles industry. The reason was
(a) Competition from the Indians
(b) Lack of Technology
(c) None of these
(d) Lack of raw material

Answer: None of these

Who introduced the system of Civil Services ?
(a) Lord Hardinge
(b) William Bentick
(c) Warren Hastings
(d) Lord Dalhousie

Answer: William Bentick

Who was named as Mira Behn by Mahatma Gandhi ?
(a) Annie Besant
(b) Maria Montessouri
(c) Kamla Devi
(d) Madeline Slade

Answer: Madeline Slade

Who was known as the Liberator of the Press?
(a) Bentick
(b) Macaulay
(c) Hastings
(d) Metcalfe

Answer: Metcalfe

Who initiated the introduction of education in English in India?
(a) Lord Dalhousie
(b) Lord Bentick
(c) Lord Curzon
(d) Lord Macaulay

Answer: Lord Macaulay

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Which of the following institutions was not founded by Mahatma Gandhi ?
(a) Phoenix Ashram
(b) Sabarmati Ashram
(c) Sevagram Ashram
(d) Vishwa Bharati

Answer: Vishwa Bharati

Who commented that Cripps Mission was a post-dated cheque on a crashing bank ?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(d) Subhash Chandra Bose

Answer: Mahatma Gandhi

Which of the following upheavals took place in Bengal immediately after the Revolt of 1857 ?
(a) Pabna Disturbances
(b) Indigo Disturbances
(c) Sanyasi Rebellion
(d) Santal Rebellion

Answer: Indigo Disturbances


The Arya Samaj was founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati in
(a) 1875
(b) 1893
(c) 1874
(d) 1882

Answer: 1875

Cripps Mission aimed at
(a) Giving proportional representation to the Muslims under the framework of the new Constitution
(b) A compromise between Congress demand of united India and Muslim League’s demand for a partitioned India.
(c) Giving complete independence to united India.
(d) Widening the gulf between the Congress and the Muslim League

Answer: Giving complete independence to united India.

The author of Hind Swaraj was
(a) M.K. Gandhi
(b) Swami Sharddhanand
(c) V.D. Savarkar
(d) B.G. Tilak

Answer: M.K. Gandhi

Who among the following characterised the Revolt of 1857 as a conspiracy?
(a) G.B. Malleson
(b) Sir John Kaye
(c) T.R. Holmes
(d) Sir Lawrence

Answer: Sir John Kaye

Which of the following is not a provision of the Charter Act of 1853 ?
(a) Governor General was given the power to veto the bills passed by the Legislative Council.
(b) A provision was made for an open competitive examination for recruitment to Indian Civil Services.
(c) None of these
(d) Under thid Act, a legislative Council for India was created.

Answer: None of these

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